Jewish Heritage in England: An Architectural Guide (Swindon, English Heritage, 2006)
Errata in this book were corrected in the updated edition, published as:
Jewish Heritage in Britain and Ireland: An Architectural Guide (2nd ed., Swindon, Historic England, 2015)
[This section last updated 2023-11-19]
pp. 5-8: Bevis Marks Synagogue
Add: In 2021 awarded £497,000 for the creation of a heritage centre.
pp. 18-19 Whitechapel:
Jews' Temporary Shelter
, 63 Mansell Street (Digby Lewis Solomon
The purpose-built successor hostel to Leman Street is extant.
- Survey of London: Whitechapel
(Paul Mellon Centre for British Art for the Bartlett School of Architecture), vol. 55, pp. 602-3
pp. 19-20: Former Fieldgate Street Synagogue
William Whiddington, 1898-99
Add: The building has been acquired by the adjacent East London Mosque
p. 21: Bernhard Baron Settlement
Architects - Should read: Hobden & Porri, 1929.
pp. 29, 50: Manuel Nunes Castello
Costello. The name of this architect is spelt correctly in the 1st edn
(2006) and in The Synagogues of Britain and Ireland
pp. 34-35: Hackney Jewish Cemetery (Lauriston Road)
Add: Grade II (2021)
pp. 35-36: The New Synagogue, Stamford Hill
Add: The emblem of the State of Israel featured on the window on the rear (north) wall of the gallery has been removed.
p. 39: West London Reform Cemetery (Kingsbury Road/Balls Pond Road)
Add: Grade II (2020)
p. 57: Brondesbury Park Synagogue
Add: Hall Architects Shaw & Lloyd.
p. 61: Western Marble Arch Synagogue
The street, largely an original 1790s crescent, has been renamed and renumbered. The postal address of the synagogue is now 1 Wallenberg Place, London, W1H 7TN. A monument depicting Raoul Wallenberg (1912-1947?), architect and Swedish diplomat based in Budapest, who rescued Jews during the Nazi Holocaust, is situated on the green directly in front of the synagogue. The Grade II Listing of the crescent covers the modern synagogue infill and its interior, thus making it one of only three postwar Grade II Listed synagogues in the country (the others being Carmel College
pp. 63-64: Willesden Jewish Cemetery
Parks & Gardens Register Grade II (2017)
Grade II: Ohel
complex (N.S. Joseph
1873), War Memorial (Ralph Hobday
1961), Rothschild/Rosebury Enclosure (ca
. 1890), tombs of Max Eberstadt (Edward Burne-Jones
1891) and Rosalind Franklin (1958). [Design for the Gravestone of Max Eberstadt at Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museum
The original twelve acres were purchased from All Souls College, Oxford, in 1872. The cemetery has four distinct sections: the Old Cemetery (1872-3), Front Lawns (1890), Southern Extension (1906) and Pound Lane Field, acquired 1926 (1943, excluded from the Listing). The entrance and Queen Anne Revival Caretaker’s Lodge is by Lewis Solomon & Son
1909-10. Memorials associated with art and architecture to be found at Willesden include: the painter Mark Gertler
, who committed suicide in 1939; the father and son dealers Duveen
, and one designed by the architect Basil Ionides
. A plant nursery with greenhouses was situated along the west wall of the Southern Extension until the Second World War. The white marble Rothschild/Rosebury Enclosure was bombed and the roof destroyed. After the war the Imperial War Graves Commission established an enclosure in the Front Lawns. The 1961 Portland stone cenotaph is claimed to be the first national Jewish war memorial to be erected in the United Kingdom.
Between 2015 and 2021, the grounds underwent conservation, the buildings were renovated and the Caretaker’s Lodge was turned into a Visitor Centre for the “House of Life” project, with £1.7 million support from the Heritage Lottery Fund. Access
: The site now offers regular opening times and tours. Refer to the website
for up-to-date information.
to Nicky Smith of Historic England and to Charles Tucker, Consultant Archivist to the Chief Rabbi’s Office
See also the following websites: Commonwealth War Graves Commission
, Imperial War Museum
War Memorials Online
p. 64: Liberal Jewish Cemetery
War Memorial Grade II (2017)
A gateway in the boundary wall contiguous with Willesden Jewish Cemetery
was opened in 1933, but was later blocked.
p. 65: Golders Green Synagogue
Add: Grade II (2007)
p. 67: Golders Green Jewish Cemetery
Postcode: NW11 7NJ
Grade II (2020):
Entrance gateway and Ohalim
; Parks & Gardens Register - only the section by the entrance, in use from 1896-1915.
The graves in the Sephardi Section face south and in the Reform Section the headstones face north. The Reform’s Columbarium against the south wall dates from the 1930s; a second was established in 2015. Cremations take place across the road in Golders Green Crematorium, the first in London, opened in 1902. Architect Henry David Davis
(1839-1915) is buried in the Reform Section (whilst his partner Barrow Emanuel
is at Kingsbury [Balls Pond Road]
), as are the artists Barnett Freedman
(d.1858) and Hans Feibusch
[This section last updated 2023-12-03]
p. 82: Margate Synagogue
Closed for worship in 2017. At the end of 2020 sale of the building by auction, organised by the London United Synagogue, was successfully thwarted by a local campaign for “Cliftonville Cultural Space”. An anonymous donor purchased the site for the project that has now attracted funding both locally and from the Architectural Heritage Fund. For progress since Covid see their website
p. 86: Elstree Liberal Synagogue
Full address: High Street, Elstree, Hertfordshire, WD6 3EY
p. 87: Reading Synagogue
Add: In 2017 the roof was renovated thanks to a grant of £94,800 from the Listed Places of Worship Repair Fund
p. 98: Brighton and Hove Reform (formerly New) Synagogue, Palmeira Avenue, Hove, East Sussex, BN3 3GE
Planned demolition and redevelopment that would incorporate the important stained glass
by John Petts
Meanwhile, Brighton and Hove Hebrew Congregation’s West Hove Synagogue (Orthodox) has been redeveloped (Sapphire Hove
2022) as Brighton Jewish Community centre and housing scheme at 29-31 New Church Road, Hove, BN3 4AD; included is a new synagogue
of C.F.Moeller Architects
2023) and Mikveh
(Rabbi Meir Posen
pp. 98-99 Brighton, Florence Place Old Jewish Burial Ground
Only the Ohel
and a lamppost outside are Grade II Listed.
pp. 99-100 Bournemouth Hebrew Congregation, Wootton Gardens, BH1 1PW
The building was finally Listed Grade II in January 2019. The whole site was
put up for sale
p. 105 Southampton
A Mediaeval Jewish Heritage Trail has been developed in neighbouring Winchester
and a statue (an imaginary representation) of Licoricia (Ian Rank-Broadley
2022), a 13th century prominent woman Jewish moneylender and her son Asher, has been erected at Jewry Street in the town centre. Leaflets available from https://licoricia.org/
p. 116 Plymouth Hoe Old Jews' Burial Ground
Grade II (2017)
p. 118 Falmouth Jews' Burial Ground
change of address to: A39 Falmouth Road, Penryn, Ponsharden, TR10 8AB [postcode of nearby Lidl store]
and see https://ponsharden.falculture.org/
pp. 120-1 Bristol Synagogue
The earlier Temple Street Synagogue (1786) was a converted building.
pp. 134-5 Norwich City Cemetery, Bowthorpe Road
Officially known as Earlham Cemetery.
p. 137 Great Yarmouth, Caister Cemetery, Jewish Section
Was opened in 1929.
p. 158 Nottingham, North Sherwood Street Jews' Burial Ground, NG1 4EN
Grade II (2018)
p. 159 Coventry, London Road Cemetery, Jewish Section
was built in 1933.
: Martin Rispin, former Coventry City Council Conservation Officer.
p. 154 Oxford Jewish Congregation
A new Ark, designed and made by Robin Furlong
, was installed in 2018, thanks largely to donations from 17 Oxford colleges, local churches and Buddhists.
p. 155 Leicester, Jewry Wall
Is a Scheduled Ancient Monument (SAM)
pp. 156-7 Leicester Synagogue
Leicester Jewish Heritage Centre was opened on site in 2022, the culmination of work funded by a £1,157, 000 National Heritage Lottery Fund grant (2018). A new foyer has been created (Stephen George + Partners LLP (SGP)
). The synagogue and schoolroom have been conserved, the integral Mikveh
refurbished, a guidebook published, a video produced and an exhibition mounted. See Leicester Mercury, 22 July 2022
pp. 157-8 Leicester, Gilroes Jewish Cemetery
"Lives Behind the Stones" recording and documentation project, supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund, 2013-2014. See https://jewish-gilroes.org.uk
p. 158 Nottingham, North Sherwood Street Jews’ Burial Ground, NG1 4EN
Grade II (2018)
p. 160 Liverpool, Galkoff’s Kosher Butcher’s Shop
The ceramic shop front was put on display at Liverpool Museum in 2018
p. 161 St Anne’s Synagogue
The architect was Maxwell Caplin.
pp. 173-5 Manchester Jewish Museum
Reopened 2021 after a redevelopment project that created a Museum extension (Katy Marks
of Citizens Design Bureau
) and new displays. See the review by Sharman Kadish in Art and Christianity (Issue 107 Autumn 2021)
p. 179 Manchester, Cheetham Heritage Trail
The image on the left is of the Jacob Cohen Warehouse at 39 Derby Street, Cheetham, Manchester
p. 182 Philips Park Cemetery, Jewish Section, col.2:
Should read: 'Dissenters'' section.
Note new website for Friends of Philip Park Cemetery
pp. 183-4 Manchester, Higher Crumpsall Synagogue
The site was sold in 2017-18. The caretaker’s house and communal hall at the rear have been separated off and lavishly refurbished as the premises of Sha’arei Chaim Yeshivah. The Grade II Listed synagogue is under-utilised and the building itself looks increasingly neglected. It remains on the Heritage At Risk Register (2023).